What are the different types of Indian jungle forests?
Indian jungle forests are termed as the crucial environmental source and important rural industry across the country. Approximately 67% of the forest-covered in the world is being provided by India. As per resources, Indian forests are estimated to be 68 million hectares in the year 2010. This data was provided by the food and agriculture organization of the USA. Meanwhile in the coming two years according to the forest survey of India has confirmed that there will be an increase of 5781 seems for forest by the satellite measurements.
As per the recent survey, India has an 8,07,276 sq km area covered by dense forest regions. Just like water and food, the forest is also important for human life. It is a natural yet complicated ecosystem that has all plants, shrubs, herbs, trees, as well as a sealed canopy. But the whole forest area of India is covered by varieties of forests and jungles. Are you known for all the Indian jungle forests? If not, then let us learn in this article.
Moist tropical forest
In the Indian area where the annual rainfall ranges from 200 to 250 cms, the annual temperature is 24 and 27, humidity temperature is 80. There you will find the evergreen forest degenerating into semi-evergreen forests. These types of Indian jungle forests can be found on the Western coast, Upper Assam, lower slope of eastern Himalayas, Orissa coast, and hills. Here you will find vegetation like bamboo, epiphytes, aini, simple, etc.
Dry tropical forest
Dry tropical forests are found in Indian Northern hilly regions and southern states. Here you will find the average annual rainfall between 51 to 151 cms. The trees of these forests drop their leaves in the winter and new leaves will be generated after the winter season. And in the rainy season, these forests are decorated whole with lush green leaves. Here you will find trees like sal, acacia, mangoes, bamboo, etc.
Montane temperate forest
It can be found in the Northern middle Himalayan ranges and Southern Nilgiri mountain ranges. This forest gets about 201cms of average annual rainfall for growing the forests more. Here some major trees are rhododendrons, ferns, oak, maple, juniper, deodar, etc.
Montane subtropical forest
You will find this montane subtropical forest in Assam, Nagaland, Mizoram, Meghalaya, Manipur, Arunachal Pradesh, etc. Also, some mountain ranges of western ghats have these kinds of forests. Here you will find some significant trees like poonspar, cinnamon, Sal, Sandan, laburnum, pomegranates, olive, etc.
Alpine forests start growing at an elevation of 3000 m and will grow up to the region just below the snow line. These are the common forest for the Himalayan region and barren cold desert of the Tran Himalayas.
These are the few types of Indian jungle forests. All these forests may vary in temperature, vegetation, climate, and other factors. These are the nature present in India. With this article, you must have come to know about all these types.